These unique bookstore are centered around Downtown Boston. Yesterday, we went out and explored many bookstores from many different type of bookstores. We explored these six book stores because we found them interesting and they have something that is not too similar to everything else. 
  1. Located at 338 Newbury St., Trident Booksellers & Cafe is the perfect spot to grab a bite to eat and browse through shelves of books. The two-story store sells a wide variety of books and knick knacks, as well as amazing food. The cafe serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner, accompanied by amazing milkshakes and desserts. The comfort food is top quality and affordable and the restaurant offers many options for vegetarians and vegans. Due to a fire earlier this year, Trident is temporarily closed but is in the process of renovation and will be reopening at the end of August.

  2. A hidden bookstore resides in 15 Court Sq., near Government Center, in a big building with many offices. The door of the tiny Peter L. Stern & Co., Inc is covered by window shades, with the words “Open by chance or appointment” printed on the door. After forcefully ringing the doorbell, you may be lucky enough to make it inside the store, if it’s open at that time. Inside, you will find an abundance of books, mostly historical, and antique portraits of famous figures. The store shys away from publicity, and would rather be found by chance rather than by advertisement, but is certainly an intriguing shop to visit if you can stumble upon it.

  3. Barnes & Noble is located on 114 Boylston St. The bookstore is next to Emerson College and they have a lot of Emerson-branded apparel, including sweaters and shirts. Additionally, they have books of different categories, ranging from nonfiction and historical fiction books. 

  4. I Am Books is located at 189 North St. They sell stuffed animals and toys for kids, like fun pens and coloring books. The bookstore has many Italian books, in keeping with its Italian origins. The store is refreshingly modern and very colorful and sells a lot of new books. The owners are friendly and make sure the customers can find what they are looking for. 

  5. The Commonwealth Book Store is an off-street book shop that also sells many antique historic books and maps ranging from a minimum of $125. This was the most cluttered and disorganized bookstore we visited.

  6. We interviewed the manager of the Brattle Book Shop, Nicole Reiss, who informed us on the history of their bookstore. “We go out to people's houses and buy books,” Reiss said. “That's how we get most of our books. So we travel all over the northeast.” This is the most unique store we visited, as they have bookshelves outside, along with moveable carts with many cheap books. According to Reiss, the shop has been on West St. since the 1960s, but it has been in existence since the mid-1800s. 
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Imagine you are going to the train station and see about 50 people waiting. You wait for a 15 minute orange line train only to find out that you can’t get in because the orange line is full. How would you feel? What would be your reaction?
The public transportation system in Boston is below optimal. You have to wait long delays to get into packed train cars or buses. The people of Boston are put into a tough position because they either have to drive through hellish traffic or pay to use the sad system of public transportation that we have. The average train often takes 10 to 15 minutes to arrive and can take longer if there's delays. Bostonians are clearly annoyed about the system, with one Boston citizen saying that the bus takes “ forever” and that they “hate the 28 bus.”
 When asked about the traffic conditions, one Boston citizen said that it was worse in the morning and that they “would get on at Oak Grove, which is the first stop going inbound, and… often wouldn't get a seat.”
The average train car in Boston holds only 60 people. In 2019, we should try to add more train cars or buses so that the transportation system is smoother and can fit more people inside of a bus or train. 

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AFH Photo//Kiara Maher
We’ve all failed at some point, whether at school or in our personal lives. But for someone with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), failure seems to be a lot worse. As someone with ADHD, I feel distressed daily. Completing “normal” tasks seem impossible, causing me to feel defeated. It’s very important that people understand this condition and the people who live with it. While you may not be able to help their brains, you can help by being supportive and educated on their symptoms.
There are two kinds of attention deficit, inattentive (ADD), and hyperactive (ADHD). The difference is, if you have ADHD, you have trouble staying still for a long period of time. ADD is a mental hyperactivity, where your attention is everywhere.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, symptoms of ADHD include fidgeting, forgetfulness, trouble following directions and controlling emotions, switching quickly from one activity to the next, being easily distracted and frequent daydreaming. ADHD is on a spectrum, so not everyone struggles from symptoms in the same way. The severity varies and depends on factors such as environment, diet and how often you exercise. 
Some of these symptoms can lead to serious consequences. For example, according to CHADD (Children and Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder), youths with ADHD are “overrepresented among crash and fatality statistics than their non-ADHD peers.” This not only puts ADHD drivers at risk, but others as well. 
People with ADHD also often suffer panic attacks. These feelings, according to Dr. Andrea Spencer, a Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist at Boston Medical Center, make teens with ADHD “blame themselves and feel demoralized.” Michelle Privé, clinical social worker at Boston Medical Center, said that ADHD can also lead to “academic and social difficulties, which may increase feelings of frustration, irritability, sadness, low self-esteem, or loss of motivation.” Over time, these feelings can make you feel depressed, or contribute to depression. 
Despite the challenges I’m destined to bear, I felt relieved when I finally understood the reasons for my inattentiveness and frustration. But it wasn’t long after that I perceived the stigma many have about ADHD—that those on ADHD medication haven’t tried hard enough to control their symptoms. From personal experience, I can tell you this is not true. 
It isn’t me who wants to take three hours doing one assignment. I want to finish my homework as early as I can, I want to sleep by 10 pm each night and I want to be able to control my brain so that I complete my tasks on time. I am sure this applies to many others who also have ADHD, but we have little control over our brains. 
I have tried to overcome my ADHD. I’m on a pescatarian diet, limiting foods with preservatives, artificial flavors and colors in attempt to eliminate factors that may trigger symptoms. I try to find a “perfect” place to study and do homework, where I can focus. But blocking external distractions is not enough. Even in these “perfect” environments, it’s nearly impossible to get my undivided attention on what’s in front of me. I often feel as if I’m a total failure, that I can’t accomplish anything like a “normal” person.  
“I wish people would understand that ADHD can make it hard for those who have it to focus on one thing at a time, and people keep pressuring us,” said Illea Hutcherson, a student at the William W. Henderson Inclusion School.
Regardless of the stigma, it is important for ADHD to be treated. Understanding your disorder and what works for you will force you to create coping mechanisms early on, before life gets even more hectic to manage. ADHD is typically treated with stimulants, which increase neurotransmitter dopamine in the central nervous system, while improving focus, attention, planning and organization. Dr. Spencer said these medications are safe and effective when taken as prescribed. She added that “up to 90 percent of children with ADHD can get relief from their symptoms with medication.”
There are also natural ways to improve ADHD. Privé suggests using tools to help you stay organized, such as a daily planner or apps on your phone. Limit your distractions by keeping your phone away while you are doing homework, or sitting near the front of the class in school. Use a timer if you work best under pressure. Lastly, practice mindfulness or meditation. By practicing these strategies, your symptoms and feelings may improve.
ADHD may seem pervasive, and while it still impairs one’s life, it’s not the worst thing. People with ADHD tend to be very enthusiastic and we get excited over the smallest things. We also have a very special talent—the ability to hyperfocus. Many writers, engineers and artists with ADHD are successful at their jobs because of this superpower. Hutcherson said, “drawing  helps my mind focus and settle because I really enjoy it and it just helps me get use to focusing on my work more.” Use your hyperfocus to your advantage by finding a productive activity that helps you alleviate your stress, as Hutcherson has. This lessens your feelings of failure, because you know what you’re a master in.
Helping the ADHD community begins with acknowledging their struggles. Instead of judging or ridiculing them for their mistakes or their behavior, let’s start helping them turn their feelings into feedback on how they can improve. People with ADHD love trying new things and failing at something new is perfectly okay. It merely shows how determined and resilient we are.

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AFH Photo//Darren Hicks
Want to get free college credit before graduating high school? According to the Massachusetts Department of Higher Education, the state provides a program called the   Commonwealth Dual Enrollment Partnership, which “provides opportunities for high school students to take college-level courses free of charge and simultaneously earn credit toward high school completion as well as their future college degrees.” While only a handful of high schools offer this opportunity, students should push for dual enrollment in all Boston Public high schools because they can earn free college credit and gain experience with college, plus it may increase the college graduation rate. 
Dual enrollment gives students experience with college academics by allowing high school students to take high school and college courses simultaneously, for free. Securing your future by taking college classes during high school will bring students one step closer to success. According to, “Dual-enrollment classes have been shown to give students a preview of the college experience and permit students to amass some post-secondary credit before even enrolling at a college or university.” In other words, dual enrollment helps students get more college experience while being in high school. 
Fernando Rodriguez, a college coach from Sociedad Latina, wishes he could have taken dual enrollment classes in high school so that he would have been more prepared for college. “It would have given me an idea of what professors are looking for in my work,” he said. “Also it helps students to balance their’re taking on additional work and that's something a college student does.”  
Additionally, dual enrollment may increase college graduation rates. According to a study done by the Community College Research Center, “Students who participated in dual enrollment in high school had significantly higher cumulative college GPAs three years after high school graduation than did their peers who did not participate in dual enrollment programs.” A better college GPA gives students more opportunities to get a better job post-graduation. 
Dual enrollment helps high school students experience the lifestyle of college. It can boost their interests and allow them to experiment with career paths, while building up valuable credits and creating a successful network. Dual enrollment puts you on the right path for a successful future. 

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AFH Photo//Dominic Duong
For six years, I have been playing with SquashBusters, a sports-based youth development and academic program with sites in Boston, Lawrence and Providence, Rhode Island. Because squash is often viewed as a Caucasian sport, you wouldn’t think my squash team is made up of mostly black and Latinx athletes—but it is. Since my teammates come from minority backgrounds, we relate to one another on a level beyond sports. 
As high school athletes look forward to participating in college sports, we often do not think about the lack of diversity among college teams. However, because there is less diversity in college teams, you should expect you may struggle to build a sense of community with your teammates if you are a minority athlete.
When minority students enter college many experience culture shock, which the Oxford Dictionary defines as “ a feeling of disorientation experienced by someone who is suddenly subjected to an unfamiliar culture, way of life, or set of attitudes.” This culture shock extends beyond the classroom and onto the field. “No one here looks like me” is a phrase that too often echos in the head of minority college athletes. 
According to the NCAA, from 2016-2017, in the sport of squash, black male college athletes made up 3.6 percent of all players, while whites made up 57.6 percent. Similarly, black women made up 2.8 percent, while white women made up 58 percent. Sports that lack diversity lack understanding of different cultures and ideas. For minorities, this insufficient knowledge from their peers can make it hard to bond with them.
Ravi Rao played with SquashBusters in high school and now plays for his college team at Bryant University in Rhode Island. He describes his relationship with his former teammates at SquashBusters as a family, a group of people who build each other up. Now, he says he is close to his team at Bryant, but wouldn’t consider them family. The SquashBusters team “ just gets me,” said Rao. It is easier to build a team when the teammates all relate to one another. By understanding each other, they create a stronger bond which strengthens the team. 
Felix Polanco, a senior at New Mission High School, has been playing tennis with Tenacity—a sport and academic program for urban youth—for seven years. One aspect Polanco likes about Tenacity is that his team members look like him and share similar backgrounds and upbringings. He plans to continue playing in college, but fears his new teammates may be prejudiced. While he wants them to understand him, he’s also not going to force friendships. 
“I would still be cool with them, but not as cool as I am with the people I have at Tenacity,” said Polanco. If he does run into conflicts with his future team, he will simply focus on himself as an athlete. “I am in it to play the sport, and they shouldn’t keep me from playing my sport,” he said. 
Your love for your favorite sport can be compromised if there are people on the team who do not respect you. While you should try your best to talk through every situation and express your feelings, it is understandable if you need a break from your team. As Polanco said, you play the sport for your own personal growth. The people there should push you to be better, not make you feel worse or insecure.
Christopher Ferguson, 18, from Chicago, has been playing squash for five years with Metro Squash, a Chicago-based squash, academic, mentoring and life skills program. Through sports, he has learned discipline from his coaches and has developed healthy, long-term friendships with his teammates. Yet, Ferguson has faced racism from other players outside his program. As he thinks about playing in college, he hopes not to encounter more racial situations. “It would hurt to not continue playing if the environment was hostile,” said Ferguson. In order to combat this, he said, the best thing for athletes to do is educate their teammates on racial tolerance. 
Talking to your team about what makes you uncomfortable can give your teammates a better understanding about you and can potentially lessen tensions within the group. As high school athletes look forward to playing in college, they should keep in mind the challenges they might face when dealing with teammates who may not hold the same viewpoints. Push yourself to speak out against those who say or do hurtful things to others. Hold your new teammates accountable, but if it becomes too much to bear, know there is a much bigger community out there who will push you as an athlete and respect you for who you are.

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